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'Heavy Metal' switchgrass is an upright selection, clump forming and great for soil stabilization.

'Heavy Metal' switchgrass is an upright selection, clump forming and great for soil stabilization. USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database (, 9 October 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'

Switch grass

Native to North America (cultivar)


FIRST IMPRESSIONS:  Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ is a switch grass selection with a dramatically vertical habit.  Foliage and stems are erect with metallic blue blades. In summer airy pinkish flower panicles seem to dance in the evening light.  Foliage turns golden in autumn and develops a golden brown winter color.  ‘Heavy Metal’ thrives in prairie type settings or in sunny gardens with moist, average or dry soils.

HABITAT & HARDINESS:  The parent species, Panicum virgatum, ranges through most of the southern Canadian provinces and the United States.  Plants are indigenous to prairies, savannas, glades, rocky bluffs, stream banks, open woods, sand dunes, marsh edges, roadsides, ditches and fields.

Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ was introduced in Kurt Bluemel’s Maryland nursery during the 1980’s.  This grass was selected for its columnar habit and metallic blue foliage.

Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ is hardy from USDA Zones 4-9.

PLANT DESCRIPTION:  Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ is a narrowly upright bunch grass that produces many vertical culms from short rhizomes.  

The linear leaves are arranged alternately on blue-green glaucous stems.  The erect blades have a steely blue color and a pleasing yellow fall color.

In late summer as the foliage reaches mature height, it is crowned by open airy flower panicles.   The cloud-like inflorescence contains many small pinkish-mauve spikelets displayed on wiry stems. 

Seed and foliage develops a glowing straw color in winter that is reminiscent of grain sheaves.

Leafy growth is about 3’ tall and 1-2’ wide.  Blooms rise above the foliage to about 5’.

CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS:  Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ prospers in sunny sites with average to moist soil.  The preference is for moist sandy or clay soil.

This grass will grow in part shade but stems often become lax and plants tend to lose their lovely columnar form.  Excessively rich soil, abundant water and fertilizer applications should be avoided as these practices promote stem weakness.

Plants tolerate clay, alkalinity, drought, moderate salinity and seasonal flooding.

The only maintenance needed is to cut or burn this grass to the ground in late winter.

LANDSCAPE USES:    Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’ has a stiff narrow habit and short stature that is in scale with small residential gardens.  This grass is an appealing Accent or Grouping for Perennial Borders, Green Roofs or urban Meadows.  Plants provide Erosion Control, Fall Color, Winter Interest, Showy Blooms and Attractive Seedheads.  This cultivar is also appropriate for Cottage Gardens, Low Maintenance Plantings, Water Wise Landscapes and Rain Gardens.  

COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS:   The intense powder blue foliage of ‘Heavy Metal’ is the perfect foil for the golden flowers of Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida, Coreopsis tripteris and Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’ Other appropriate bed fellows include Aster laevis ‘Bluebird’, Aster oblongifolius ‘Raydon’s Favorite’, Echinacea purpurea or Schizachyrium scoparium ‘Prairie Munchkin’.

If a substitute is needed, Panicum virgatum ‘Northwind’ has similar cultural needs and habit.   Schizachyrium scoparium 'The Blues' is another possible stand-in with a similar stiff upright habit and metallic blue foliage.

TRIVIA:  This was among the earliest switch grass cultivars to be introduced.  And yet, it still has a following.  Recently it was recommended and planted in masses in Chicago’s well-known Lurie Garden.


3-4 ft


1-2 ft


3 ft

USDA Hardiness Zone:


Bloom Color:

Blue, Tan

Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal' Characteristics

Attracts Wildlife

  • Songbirds


  • Interesting Foliage
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Dried Flower
  • Cut Flower
  • Rain Garden
  • Clay Soil


  • Full Sun

Flowering Months

  • July

Foliage Color

  • Blue

Grass Season

  • Warm Season Grass

Growth Rate

  • Fast

Juglans nigra Tolerance (Black Walnut)

  • Yes


  • Hydrocarbons

Salt Tolerance

  • High

Season of Interest (Foliage)

  • Summer
  • Spring
  • Winter
  • Fall

Soil Moisture Preference

  • Moist to Wet

Plants that work well with Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'

Black Eyed Susan Black Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm')
Black-eyed Susan Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida v. fulgida)
Tall coreopsis Tall coreopsis (Coreopsis tripteris)
Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod (Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks')

Substitutions for Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'

Prairie Dog switchgrass Prairie Dog switchgrass (Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Dog')
Switch grass Switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
Switch grass Switch grass (Panicum virgatum 'North Wind')
Little bluestem - 2022 Perennial Plant of the Year Little bluestem - 2022 Perennial Plant of the Year (Schizachyrium scoparium 'The Blues')
Switch grass Switch grass (Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Sky')